The Laboratory Control Sample (LCS) is analyzed to assess general method performance based on the ability of the laboratory to successfully recover target analytes from a control matrix. The LCS is similar in composition to the method blank in that it is an aliquot of analyte-free water or analyte-free solid (e.g. Ottawa sand, anhydrous sodium sulfate, or other purified solid) to which known amounts of the method analytes are added. LCS analyses help determine if the system is running properly (i.e. within pre-defined limits).
The frequency of LCS analysis should be determined by the needs of a project, typically one LCS is prepared and analyzed for every analytical batch. The LCS sample is prepared and analyzed in the same analytical batch and in exactly the same manner as the other routine samples. The recovery of the target analytes in the LCS analysis demonstrates whether the methodology is in control and the laboratory is capable of making unbiased measurements. The results of the LCS are evaluated in conjunction with other QC information to determine the acceptability of the data generated for that batch of samples. Acceptance criteria for LCS recovery are calculated based on statistical treatment of historical LCS recovery data.